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Full text of "Shipbuilding from its beginnings"

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SHIPBUILDING 



FROM 



ITS BEGINNINGS 




SHIPBUILDING FROM ITS BEGINNING; 

BY 

E?' VAN KONIJNENBURG, c. e., 

ENGINEER OF THE RIJKSJJ'ATERSTAAT OF THE NETHERLANDS 

1895-1905 



PUBLISHED 



THE PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION "• s- Engm 

School Libr 
OF -RECEIVE 

MAR 1 7 19 

CONGRESSES OF NAVIGATION washingt, 

Barracks, C 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE — OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL 

38, RUE DE LOUVAIN, 38 

BRUSSELS 



VOL. II 



^ilwi^ 





MIDDELLANDSCHE ZEE 

(Zuidelijk Centrum). 

MITTELLANDISCHES MEER 

(Siidlicher Mittelpunkt). 

MEDITERRANEAN SEA 

(Southern Centre). 

MER MEDITERRANEE 

(Centre Meridional). 





6000-4000 JAAR vuou Chiustus. 
6000-4000 Jahre vok Chr. Geb, (Moki;ax) 6000-4000 years B. C. 

6000-4000 A.NS avant J. -Chr. 





Hageic.li. (Torn Jleii iisin» paddles. 



Egvptischk SCHEPEX. 

Agvptische Schiffe. Ec;vpti.\n boats. 

Bateaux kgvptiens. 



Ruderer. (Torr) Rowc 



3 — 





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NCIENS Egypt 


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Model oud Ei^yi'.-Schii'. (Middelrijk ± 2200-1800 voou Christus), 

(Museum van oudheden, tc Leiden.) 





MoUELL ELNES ScHIFKES AUS AlT-AgYP- MoDEL OF AN ANCIENT EgYPTL\N VESSEL 
TEN (MlTTLERES ReiCH i 2200-l8oO (MlDDLE EmPIRE, ABOUT 2200-l8oO 

voR Chr. Geb.). B.C.). 

(Altertumsmuseum, in Leyden.) {Mubeum of antiquities of Leydeu.) 

MoDELE d'uN BATEAU DE l'aNCIENNE EgyPTE. (MoYEN EmPIRE ± 2200-l8oO 
AVANT JSSUS-ChRIST). 
(ilusi^e d'antiquitfes de Leyde.) 





Wassersport, 4. Jan. iqo6, n" 



6 - 



Vervoer van ken ohelisk. (1600 \'. Chr.). 
Transportation of an obelisk. (1600 B. C). 



(Holmes) 



Beforderung eines Obf.lisken. (1600 V. Chr Gtb.j. 
Transport d'un obelisque. (1600 av. J. -Chr.). 





Hex Oi'ZETTEN DER GAFFELS 0^[ HET KOORD, DAT HET DOORZADELEN 
VAN HET SCHIP MOET VOORKOMEN, VAST TE ZETTEN. 



Das Aufstellkn der Gaffeln(Gebelx) 

ZUR BeFESTIGUNG DES TeUES, . DAS DIE 

Langsbiegung dks Schikfs verhindern 




Position of the forks intended to 
iix the cable which prevents the boat 
Vro.m sagging longitOdinallv. 



Lf, PLACEMENI DES KOURCHES DESTINEES A FIXER LE CABLE QUI DOIT 
E.VIPECHER I..\ FLEXION LONGITUDINAI.E DU BATEAU. 




Agvptlsche Handelsschiffe. 

'AUcs Rticli.) 



Egyptische haxdelsschepen. 

(Glide lijk.) 



E<;vptian merchant vessels. 




,i?^-5 ?j^^ rrm I- ItfliSfl l#fM\ 



N.WIRES marchaxds egvptiens. 

rAiicitii Empire.) 



Ouu Egypte : 

1. Kleinood voorstellende een roeischip. 

(Kijksmuseum van oudhedeo te Cayro.) 

2, 3 EN 4. Roeischip der oude Egyptenaren 

UlT HEX MiDDELRI.IK ± 220O-IOOO VOOR 

Christus. 

(Rijksmuseum van oudhedeu tc Leiden.) 




Altes Agypten : 

1. Kl.EINOD MIT DarSTELLUNG EINES RuDER- 
SCHIFFES. 

2, 3 UND 4. RuDERSCHIFF DER ALTEN AgYPTER ; 
MITTLERES ReICH it 2200-I000 VOR Chr- 

Geb. 

(Altertumsmuseum des Slaates in Kairo.) 



Ancient Egypt' : 

1. Jewel representing a vessel with oars. 

2, 3 and 4. Vessel with oars of the 
ancient Egyptians, Middle Empire 
± 2200-1000 B. C. 

(Museum of antiquities of the State of Cairo.) 




Akcienne Egyp.te : 

1. Bijou REPRitSENTANT un bateau a rames. 

2, 3 et 4. Bateau a rames dps anciens 
Egyptiens, Moyen Empire ± 2200-1000 

AVANT J.-C. 

(MusSe d'antiquitts de I'Etat. Le Caire.) 










v^ p 



>^ J J^^- I 








3 -s 2; 







W H 



r; ii H c5 o! 




'^^. 







S I S S 

d < g S 

o Pi '^ PQ 

S 5 



Phcen'iciK (Layard) 

± 700 JAAR yOOR ChRISTUS. 



PhOn'izien (Layard) 
± 700 Jahre vor Chk. Geb. 




Phcenicia (Lavard) 
About 700 B. C. 



Ph6nicie (Layard) 

± 700' AVANT JSSUS-ChRIST. 



JRIEKSCHE SCHliPEN. 



GrIECHISCHE SCHIFEE. 





■ - :■.-- j 


ill. 




W2 - 


- r' "^^ 




^•d^ 

^'a^ 



An ,v \ -VX ,« ■ V"W5: 



Gkeek vessels. 



Navires grecs. 



^"f: 






k^ 



RoMElNSCHE SCHEPEN (± 200 JAAR v66l< ClIKlSTUS) 
O'ergelijk fig. 66 CI 67) 

Romische Schiffe (± 200 Jahre vor Chr. Geb.). 

(Siehc .\bb. 66 und 67.) 




Fi; 20. 

RoM.AN VES.SELS (aBOUT 200 B. C). 
(Compare figs 66 and 67.) 

Navires ro.viains ( i: 200 avant Jesus-Christ). 



GrAFiMONUMENT. 
(Museum van oudhcden te Leiden.) 



Funeral monument. 

(Museum of anliquities of Lcyden.l 




Grabdf.nkmal. 

(Im SUatlichen Altertumsrauseum in Leyden.) 



Monument funer.\ire. 

(Musee d'antiquit^s de Leyde.) 



Romeinsch HANDELSSCHIP. 

(Relief Kalliedraal van Sllcrno.) 



Romeinsch 



IL\NDELSSCHrP. 




f'S- 3 



RoMISCHES HaNDELSSCHIFF. RoMAN MERCHANT SHIP. 

(keliet dcr Kathedrale von Salerno.) (Relief of the cathedral ot Salerno.) 

N.\■^^RE MARCHAN'D ROMAIN. 

(Relief de la calh6dralc de Salerno.) 




ROmi.sches H.^ndelsschiff. Roman merch.vnt .shic. 

NaVIRE .NLVRCHANt) ROMAIN. 




O I 




§1 




U g H 




O i- 






Pi S T'S s 








14 



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tiii« ' 

^ tflU 1 










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— i6 - 













I? - 



Dk. <> Santa Maria » het Schii> van 
Columbus. 



Die « Santa Maria » 
DES Christohh Columbus 




The « Santa Maria » 
IF Chkistoi'her Columbus. 



La « Santa Maria » 
DE Chkistoi'HE Colomu. 




Santa Ma 





Holmes : Ancient and modern Suii's, p. 182. 



— 19 — 




Ol'IIK, OPC.KCIiAVKN \'lKINi;KRSCnEl'KN 



AlTK WlKIN(;K.KSCFilFI-R (aUSOKI ;KABKN ) 







AXL'IEN'T VlKlN(; VeSSKLS (UNEARTHEIl) 



AnCIENS NAVIKES IIES VlklNGS (rXIIUMEs) 




> i 



> I 

> I 








OoSTZEE KX BoTNlSCHK Goi. 



OsTSEK UND BoiNISCHER MkEKBUSEN 









SEA AND Gulf ok Boihn 



Mer Bai.tique et Golke DE BoTHXlK 



23 



\'lS>CHERSVAAI<ruii;KN- - OoSTZEE. 



FlSCHKRKIKAHKZKUCE DER OsiSEE. 





Fishing boats of the Baltic Sea 



lATEAUX DE PECHE DE LA MER tSALTlQUE. 






24 



VaARTUIGEN VAN' LaI'LANIJ, WAAK.MEDK, he STROOMVKHSNELLIXGEN BEVAREN WOKDEN. pAHRZEUliK VON LaPI.AMj, ZUII KEFAIIREN JJER StrOMSI IINELLEN. 





m mmm.m 





Laplander boats used for run.n'IXG through rai^ids. 



Embarcatioxs de i.a Laponie, ser\'ant a traverser les rapiijes. 




13'' Eeuw. 



15" Eeuw. — 35. Jahrhuxdert. — 15TH Century. — 15'= Sieci.e. 
KOGGESCHIP. - KOGGE. — COG. — COGUE. 



13'= Eeuw. 



26 - 




13'' Eeuw. — 13. Jahrhuxdert. 
13 iH Century. — 13" Sif.ci.e. 




SlEGEI. DER StADT PoOLE. 

Seal of the town of Pooi.e. 

ScEAU DE LA VILLE DE PoOLE. 




SlEGEL DER GrAFSCHAFT RuTLANll 

Seal of the county of Rutland. 

ScEAU DU Co.MTE DE RuTLAND. 





SlEGEL VON DaJIME. — SeAL OF DamME. 
ScEAU DE DaMJIE. 



13'' Keuw. — 13. Jahriiundert. 

13TH Century. — 13" Siecle. 

KOGGESCHIP. - KOGGE. - COG. - COGUE. 




SlEGEL VON Dover. - Seal of Dover. 

ScEAU DE DoUVRES. 



- 2.7 - 




15'= EKUW. 

15. Jahrhundert (Holmes) 15TH Centurv 

15= SIECLE. 




Tapijtwerk van Bayeux. 



Wandteppich 1066 

VON Bayeux. (Holmes) 

Tapisserie de Bayeux. 



Bayeux 
Tapestry. 



900 NA ChR. 

Van een oude Angelsaxische Kalander. 

900 NACH ChR. GeB. 900 A. C. 

NaCH EINEM ALTEN (HoLMEs) ACCORDING TO AN OLD 

Angel -Sachsischen Anglo-Saxon 

Kalender. Calendar. 

900 APRES J.-Chr. 

D'aPRIS UN ANCIEN CaLENDRIER 

Anglo-Saxon. 



Slac, op de Maas (1^51'). 

SCHI.ACHT AN DER MaAS (I35I). 




Battle of the Meuse (1351). 



Jataille sur la Meuse (1351). 





Slag op de Gouwe ( 1304). 

SciILACHT ax DER GoUWE ( I304). BaTTLE OF THE GoUWE ( I3O4). 

Bataille sur la Gouwe (1304). 



IXXEMIXG VAX DaMUTE (I2i8). 
(Naai SchoteLl 

ElNXAHME VOX DaMIETTE (I2i8). TaKING OF DaMIETTE (I2lf 
(Xarh ScholcL) (According to Srhotcl.) 

Prise de Damiate (1218). 

(Dapres Schotel.) 



- 29 



Inlamng van troepen. 

(Miniatuur van 1488.) 

Embarking troops. 

(Miniature of 1488.) 



Vl.AAMSCHE MINIATUUR, EINDE I5' EEUW. 
(Pliilips van Kieet.) 

Flamische miniatur, 

ENDE DES 15. JaHRHUNDERTS. 
(Pliilipp von Clcve.l 

Flemish wniaturk, 
end ok the i5th century. 

(Philips van Klcef) 

MlI^IATURE FLAMANDE, FIN DU 15^ SIECLE. 
(Pliilippc de Clcvcs.) 

F'ig. 118. 




EiNSCHIFFUNG VON TrUPPEN. 
(Miniatur Ton d. J. 1488.) 

EmBARQUEMENT de TROUPES. 
(IMiniature de t488.) 

Fig. 1.7. 



SCHIP MET 24 STUICKEN (I482). 
(Miniatuur.) 

ScHIFF MIT 24 KaNONEN (I482). 
(Miniatur.) 

24 Gun ship (1482). 

(Miniature.) 
NaVIRE AVEC 24 PIECES (1482). 





3° 




- 31 




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r^ 


% 


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^' 


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Vlaamsche gravurex 15^ Eeuw (Meester W. A.). 

Fl.AMlSCHE StICHE AUS DEM I5. JaHRHUNDERT (MeISTER W. A.). FlEMISH ENGRAVINGS OF THE I5TH CeNTURY (W. A. MAITRe). 

GrAVURES FI.AMANDES DU 15= SlECLE (MaITRE W. A.). 



32 




33 





- 34 - 




- 35 




Jonas te water gelaten (1518-1525). 

Naaideu (Holland), 

Jonas im Wasser geworfes. Junas cast into thu sea. 

Naarden (Holland). Na.irden (Holland). 

Jonas jete a l'eau (1518-1525). 

Naarden (Hollande). 

(II. Kleinmann en Co Haarlem) 

Holland. 



ScHII- DER 
DiEMERKERK. 

(± 1500) 
(Nicolas Witsen.) 



ScHIKK AUS DEK 

KiRCHE IN DlE.MEK 

(± 1500) 

(Nicolas Witsen.) 




iJco 




Boat from the 
. iiuRCH atDiemer 
(± 1500) . 

(Nicolas Witsen.) 



Bateau de 

l'eglise deDiemer 

(± 1500) 

(.Nicolas Witsen, 1 




36 



KoNINKLIJK ScHIP 
•\'AN EnGKI.AND 

17'' Eeuw. 



K6.N'It;U('IlKS ScillFF 

VON- Enoi.ano 
17. Jahrhi;niikr.t. 




1520 



1523 



1594 



37 




38 




— 39 



Scml' VAN AII.MIRAAI. TrOMP. 
(BcKi„i7'ccuw.) 



SniiKF nKs Admirals Tro.mp. 

(Anfaiig d<s 17. Jalirl.undeits.) 




j^ii^^irtaKi^*"*^^^"**-^^^^**.*^-^"^^::-^^ 




i*^ ^^^S.?*^^ -.^^^^,J^. 



Fl.UIT, PI.AAT VAN 1647. 

FlOte, stich aus 1647. Flute, iingravim; of 1647. 
Flutf,, gravurf de 1647. 



ScHlP VAN ad.miraal de Ruyter 

(Midden 17- ecu«- ) 



t itcjr' 



i;v i^— -X 






Admiral Tromp's Sum' 

(Bpffinniiif: of 17th Coi>liiiy.) 



Vaisseau de l'amiral Tromp. 

(D^bul du 17- s[eclc.) 



Altes modell der Stadt Zierikzee. 

(Anfang dcs i7. lalirluindeMs i 




■ m 



"^»^Jli 




FiS- 149. 

OUDMODEL \'AN DE StAD ZiERIKZEE. 
(Begin 17- ecnv.) 

Old model of the city Anciex modele de la ville 

OF ZlERlCKZEE. DE ZlERICKZEE. 

(Be;inninj:of the I7tl> Century.) (Dibut dn 17' si<;clO 



Admiral de Ruyter's flag shii'. 

(Middle of tlie 17th Ccntnrv.) 



Schiff des Admirals de Ruyter. 

(Miite drs 17 Jalirhundcrts.) 



Vaisseau de l'amiral de Ruyter. 

(.Milifii du 17= sieclc.) 



4° 




4' 





6 o 



ui - > 



- 42 





'i^^^''^^^>'^^^?'^'/'^^Si.Mf'±'jd:^^ 



Zeiljacht 
Segelvacht. 1752- Sailing yacht. 

Yacht a \oiles. 



43 








'iiV/Vf"!? ' — — ' "i»H ■■?ftiu>il'te.®jrijV/r^x£c,^ 



r-g" 



ECMONUERPINK. 



1765 



ScHIP VAN- OORLOG 



- 44 — 





Snauwschip. 

(EindeiS-ceuwl 

SCHNAUSCHIFF. RlND. 

(Elide des i8. Jahrhundeits.l (Kiid ot llic I8tli Cc 

Sen'eau. 

(Kin du i8- siccle.) 



I 

t M 


,.V^ 


fmEEmh;-^ ^ », 


^ggi^'hf m 


gl^M^ 


sat'";';..-. 






(Kegh. 19- eeu>v ) 

(An(aii;des ig Jahi liunderts ) (Beginning of 19th Cemmv ) 

(Debul du I9» sieclc.) 



45 - 






Begin 19"= Eeuw. 

AnFANG DKS 19. JAHKHUN1>EKTS. BEGINNING OF THE I9TH CeNTURY. 

Debut 19"= Sieci.e. 



46 








- 0' 



"'^^zl^^- 




-"_' ■ * ■>! I s 9 a R 8 ■ ■ ■ aj |i ■ nn* ■ R*JJ« |i ■■■■■■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ? ■ B ■ I i ■ L ^ 



Begin ig'' Eeuw. Ankang jjks 19. Jahkhundeki'S. Beginning of the 19TH Centurv. 



Dej;ut nu 19'' Siecle. 



— 47 — 








1780 





■iffrrii^ia 



Frankri 



Frankreich. 



1690 



- 48 - 





iaoa-i«27 



1829 





Fkankkiik. Frankrkich. France. 



- 49 - 





J < 






- 5° 




— 51 




- 52 - 






UlLiyHP^ 


^-"T^ 




PWSiSP™^ 


^"/ 






^ 


£/ 1 






^ ^t L 


Mm '^ M 


~^ 




r 4 1 


rmm^^'^i^^mk 


j 




^^^ 


^^Mi 


rfxtei^i/fe 


gi 



Fir. 187. 
DoGHBOOT. 



Heude (Heu). 




XJ^. 




tig. 189. 
Heude (Heu). 



Zeeuwsche Kocge. 
Zki.axd cog. 



ZF.EI.AXnlSCHE KoGGE. 

Cogue zfiLANDAisE. 



- 53 





BoEIERS. 

BujER. Tknders. 

Bo VERS. 





Ecn G,.l...ot, 



54 




Fig. 195- 

Harinc^'loot op zee. 

Haringsflotte auf See. Herring-fleet on the oi'EN sea. 

fl.otte hour i.a peche du hareng en pleine mer. 




[■'ig. 196. 

Buys der Zuiderzee. 

BOSE DES Zuiderzee, Buss from the Zuvder-Zee. 

Bu.se du Zuiderzee. 





Fi;. 198. 

Haringvloot in zee. 
Hakingsflotte auf see. Herring fleet on the open sea. 

FlOTTE pour la PECHE du HARIiN'G EN PLEINE .MER. 



— 55 





Toclit Schuvli-ii of Sporc.ia«mmei- Viffor^ 



Watekschip. 
Skkkamkkl. — Watkrboa 



JHTSCHUIT. TrKCKSCHU 





Ox'EKvssKLSCHi'. Put. 

Top aus O^KKVSsiii,. — Pot krom Overyssel. 

Pot de i.'OvERYsstx. 



Walntschvaarder. 
WalfischfAnger. — Whale boai 
Baleiniere. 



- s6 - 



lljkbaren van workum, waarop de schepen der zuiuerzee zijn afgebeeld (1600). 
Sanften von Workum, aof denen die Schiffe der Zuiderzee daroestei.lt sind (1600). 




- //■ .'^'^ //-jC/-/// I 


jcf/f/fm .•/ ('/• , 


^y ' ■•;■ 


.'/ '^ •<-/-■-' 


:■!■ i ,'.'./ ,'/.- t'/Yf/ 


y^^f^ 


1//// ^j^ 


':/'//■■ 




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J 


iS 




^ ^ -Si 


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< .'■iOu/(fi/K((/, 


)n( \i 


1 >((f cr^f'/ 


fi / '/ o/H (( >r u. (/act /-.O 


■</•/>( .1/ )■<('( fV/ ( 



Biers at Workum, on which are shown vessels of the Zuider-Zee (1600). 
CiviERES A Workum, sur lesquelles on a rkpresente les navires du Zuiderzee (1600). 



57 




BBB 




■ppild 


H 


<y^'T^!^^^'^ff^^^^ 


i\ 


k\ ' 


Jid!^S^^..^3li^^^^ 




^v-- tib" ^^. J 


^■■H 


^^^E^^i^Kd^^Pt^H 




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Ao 1600. 



59 



OuDE HerNA. 
(Verzameling M' Van Gijn, Dordrecht.) 



Old Hern a. 

(Collection of Mr. Van Gijn, Dordrecht.) 




Alik Herna. 

(Sammlni.K des Heirn Van Gijn, 



. Ancien Herna. 

(Collection de .M. Van Gijn, Dordrecht.) 





TURFSCHIF. ToRK.SCllIFF. TuRF BOAT. B.VIKAU TOURBIER. 



S.MALSCHIH. 



6o 





Beurtschip. 

(Museum van oudheden te Dordrecht.) 
(Paviljoen Poon.) 




Bkirtschikk ». 

inisnMisu..!,. in Uoidrccht.) 



« DEURTSCHIP ». 
(iJiisenm of antitiiiilies »t Doidjechl) 



« Beurtschip ». 

(Miisee d intiquiles de Doidreclit,) 



— 6i 









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=^1 




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64 - 





MoDELL EINES HuKERS. 
nimlunt' dcs Hci in van Gijn, Dordrecht). 



Model van een Hoeker. 

(\"iT/.amelin; van M' van Gijn, Dordrecht). 



Model of a Howker. 

(Collection of M. van Gijn, Dordrecht). 




MoDELE d'uNE HOURCIUE. 
(Collect on de M. van Gijn, Dordrecht.) 



65 




66 




^. 



Seeschip met zeekameel door waterscheepjes over hex Pampusgetrokken. 

Zeeschiff von Wasserschiffen (Seekameelen) Ober den Pampus geschleppt. 

Sea-goixg schip floated over the Pampus shoal on « sea cannels ». 

Baiixient de mer PORT6 par UN « Zeekameel » remorque pardes 

«Waterscheep;es » au-dessus de Pampus. 




Galeasse. Galllass. 

Galkasse. 





Sn'I 



1 ic;^ =41- 

Ever. 



67 - 





Fig- =43- 

SCHUIT VAN BlANKENBERGHE. 

SCHUTE VON BlaNKENBERGHE. BlaNKENEERG BOAT. 

Barque de Blankenberghe. 





Fig. 245- 

Blokzijlder jacht. 




TOORiANZICHT 
VoRDERA.NSICHT FrOXT VIEW 
VuE d'avANT 




Plan. Aufsicht. 



iCBTERAANZlCHT 

Hln'TERAXSicht Stern view 

VuE d'arriere 





SLIJKPRAA^[. BaGGERPRAAM. (GrONINGEn) DrEDGING BARGE. ChALAND 0E DRAGAGE. 




.0,90- i 0.70- »-o.8o. *. - 




.16.00 M - 

Fig. n6. 



. o.7o -K-.o.go- ^(.--115 . 







-69- 




7° 




— 71 



Belgische schepen. 
Belgische Schiffe. — Bateaux belges. — Belgian craft. 

Prahm dos Kanals von Cliarlcroi. — Eaquet dii Canal dc Cliarleroi. — Baquct from the Cliarlcroi Canal. 



PoiNTU (Spits). 



^^ Q if^& HTmmffm -^ — 



Eij;. =57- 
PiNASSE von ToURNAI. PenICHE DE ToURNAI. — ToURNAI BARGE. 



IMM 



Leichter. — Barge. — Chaland. 



h Q 



wsiwn 



m= 



w 



CT 



3ER. — BaLINGER. BfiLANDRE. 



Spits. — Pointed. — Pointu (Spits). 



ai 



vp. 






TiPE Mil KlGELFORMIgEN RlMPI — T-iPE A LbL SPHERIylE 



L_J 



IHTOfffl ff 



Type mix zvlindrischen Rumpf. — Type a cul cylindrique. 




FranzOsische Schiffe. — Bateaux fran(;ais. 
French vessels. 

Flute. — Flight. 




N»ch den Ingenieur A. Dehem. — According to Engineer A. Dehem. 
D'aprds riogeoieur A. Dehem. 
Annales des Travaiix publics de Belgique. 
Tome VI, aoflt 1901. 



- 72 - 



Type van de Schelde. 
Typ von der Schelde. — Type of the Scheldt. — Type de l'Escaut. 



a 



TfWf 



Type - Dortmund-Emskanaal. 



^.^i(aftai»iayJMMtM»*«.jj^.j^..:^g^lt:U.>i-.-rKVai'^^ tWa*).tsjiag.>:t^»:ti3t^ HfaS^ft.%titeai 




Schiffstype vom Dortmund-Ems-Kanal. — Types of boats on the Dortmund-Ems-Canal. 
Types de bateaux du Canal de Dortmund a l'Ems. 







^:. 



73 - 




— 74 





oude .moudkr.mulicn. 
Alter Kutter. Old tl\ie dkedce. 

AxCIEN CCKE-MOLE. 





Model Moddermolex (Stadhuis te Hoorn). 

MoDELL-KuTTER. HoORN. MoDEL OF A DREDGE. 

MoDELE d'uX CURE-MOLE (HoTEL DE \'lLLE DE HoOKX). 



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